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Medicina dello Sport 2015 December;68(4):679-703


language: Italian

LEGASPO project: promoting a culture of legality in sport activities

Merzagora I. 1, Romano C. A. 2, Verzeletti A. 3, Travaini G. V. 1

1 Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy; 2 Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza, Università degli Studi di Brescia, Brescia, Italy; 3 Dipartimento di Specialità Medico Chirurgiche, Scienze Radiologiche e Sanità Pubblica Università degli Studi di Brescia, Brescia, Italy


Scientific research has focused on the relationship between legality and sport, mainly concentrating on doping. Through “LEGASPO Project, Promoting Legality in Sports”, financed by Italian Medical Sports Federation, our aim was to investigate legality in sport in a sample of young Lombard athletes (average age: 18.6 years), not only as doping, but also as other different aspects, as well as their level of knowledge and attitudes. A 68 items questionnaire has been realized and distributed. 280 questionnaires have been collected and examined using the SPSS software. Results show a good knowledge about doping and also about the physical effects it could cause. None of the respondents admits using doping, few know someone who does. Data suggest a good notion about how doping could be harmful and unfair and also show how some key persons such as coaches, managers and doctors are important in terms of prevention and education. As regards respecting the rules during the matches, our results point out a greater clemency towards other improprieties, such as cheating referees and coaches, or deriving personal gain on opponents. Furthermore, 26% of our sample acknowledged to have harmed an opponent, before or after the match. To sum up, a reassuring description comes to light about the little spread of doping and the understanding of non-value of using it. Something different emerged regarding other forms of improprieties; our data suggest this could be seen as a consequence of the strong pressing being exerted upon young athletes by relatives and coaches. Our advice, then, is to work for a greater effort in terms of scientific research and prevention in promoting legality.

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