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Medicina dello Sport 2015 December;68(4):601-13


language: English, Italian

Health of female fencers in the context of health promotion

Kaiser A. 1, Sokołowski M. 2, Mrozkowiak M. 3, Wieczorek A. 4, Adrian J. 5, Wieczorek J. 6

1 Department of Tourism and Recreation, Poznań School of Banking, Poznań Poland; 2 Department of Modern and Defensive Sports, University School of Physical Education in Poznań, Poznań, Poland; 3 Department of Physiotherapy, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland; 4 Department of Team Games, University School of Physical Education in Poznań, Poznań, Poland; 5 Department of Team Games, University School of Physical Education in Poznań, Poznań, Poland; 6 Department of Sport for People with Disabilities, University School of Physical Education in Poznań, Poznań, Poland


AIM: The aim of the paper is to analyze health potential of female fencers, taking into consideration evaluation of their body composition, health appreciation, selected health behaviours and to compare the results with a group of female wrestlers.
METHODS: The research was carried out in July 2013 at the Sports and Recreation Centre in Drzonków, during a training meeting preparing for a competition season. It involved 20 girls (mean±SD, age: 15±1.19 years; body height: 168.4±6,14 cm; body mass: 54.7±8.57 kg). The competitors underwent anthropometric measurements, measurement of body mass components (with use of bioelectrical impedance analysis). They also responded to the List of Personal Values (LPV), the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and an authorial questionnaire method.
RESULTS: Tissue components of the competitors reveal proper proportions. Individual variation of tissue components is smaller among the female fencers than in the group of female wrestlers, which points to a higher similarity in this respect among the fencers. Several cases of girls with fat tissue exceeding norms were observed. Young fencers appreciate health as a value, though they rarely perceive it as a superior one. Among the examined sportswomen the issue of stimulants did not emerge. Female fencers often feel tension before competition, which differs them from female wrestlers. No unfavourable dietary habits were observed.
CONCLUSION: Regular physical activity used to control energetic balance may be an efficient way of preventing fat reserve accumulation by female fencers’ organisms. In regard to current and future health of sportsmen and sportswomen, it is essential to include elements of health training into sports training. In this way one may not only achieve an episodic sports success, but also shape a life-long, positive attitude towards health and physical condition.

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