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Medicina dello Sport 2014 December;67(4):569-79


language: English, Italian

Effects of a tennis tournament on players’ hand grip strength, pressure pain threshold and visual analogue scale

Şahin Kafkas A. 1, Emin Kafkas M. 2, Durmuş B. 3, Açak M. 2

1 Erciyes University, Institute of Health Sciences, Malatya, Turkey; 2 Inonu University, School of Physical Education and Sport, Malatya, Turkey; 3 Inonu University, Medicine Faculty, Malatya, Turkey


AIM: Tennis is one of the most popular global sports. It is considerably important both as an international tournament and one of the Olympics games around world. The requirements of a tennis tournament are high, both mentally and physiologically. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes both of hand grip strength and pain pressure threshold values during tournament among amateur tennis players.
METHODS: The study involved two tennis groups. The first comprised 25 females (age 24.35±5.42 years, height 167.74±7.10 cm, weight 59.25±7.80 kg) and the second included 34 males (age 25.10±6.05 years, height 174.50±10.63 cm and weight 69.40±12.50 kg).
RESULTS: Pain pressure threshold and hand grip strength values were significantly different. Lateral epicondyle, deltoid and trapezius values were significantly lower after every match day compared with the first day of the tournament (P<0.05). Both female and male tennis groups’ lateral epicondyle, trapezius, and deltoid values reduced significantly after the second, third, and forth day compared with the values of the first day of the tournament. Also, hand grip strength values significantly decreased after the second, third, and fourth day of female tennis group and decreased the third and fourth day of male tennis group (P<0.05). As a result, this research found a decreased sensitivity level of pain pressure threshold, hand grip strength and an increased level of visual analogue scale during consecutive tournament days. In terms of both pain pressure threshold and hand grip strength, values adversely affected from such tournament sports organizations. These tournaments have a busy schedule that may adversely affects the values of the upper extremity pain pressure threshold (lateral epicondyle, deltoid, supraspinatus, and trapezius). Therefore, especially during these tournaments tennis players should be careful.

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