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MEDICINE PREVENTIVE SECTION   

Medicina dello Sport 2002 March;55(1):9-16

Copyright © 2002 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: Italian

Influence of competitive and recreational sport practice on smoking habits of young people

Leoni E., Bergamaschi A., Legnani P. P.

Università degli Studi - Bologna, Dipartimento di Medicina e Sanità Pubblica, Sezione di Igiene


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Smoking ­habits of 324 ­young ­people, 14-24 ­years old, ­engaged in ­sport as com­pet­i­tive ath­letes (n=192) or ama­teur ath­letes (n=132) ­were inves­ti­gated. The prev­a­lence of ­smokers was sig­nif­i­cantly ­lower in com­pet­i­tive ­than in rec­re­a­tional ­sport (cur­rent + occa­sional ­smokers: 25.3 vs 40.2%) and the ­number of cig­ar­ettes was ­also ­lower in com­pet­i­tive ath­letes (cur­rent ­smokers: 8.8 vs 9.8 cig­ar­ettes per day). Fur­ther­more the cur­rent ­smokers ­smoked ­fewer cig­ar­ettes ­during ­training ­days (4.4 vs 4.6) and 70% of occa­sional ­smokers did not ­smoke ­during the ­same ­days. ­This beha­viour was ­common to ­males and ­females. Age, ­smoking ­habits of ­major ­brothers and ­best ­friends ­were pos­i­tively asso­ciated ­with ­smoking ­status, ­while no asso­ci­a­tion was ­found ­with ­smoking ­habits of the par­ents. ­Again, no dif­fer­ence was ­found ­between the 2 ­groups ­with ­respect to the rea­sons ­given to ­explain the ­smoking ­habit and the knowl­edge of ­smoking-­related ­health haz­ards. ­This knowl­edge ­resulted of ­good ­level in ­both the ­groups. ­This ­survey sug­gests ­that ­sporting ­activity pre­vent ­young ­people ­from ­smoking ­only if per­formed to com­pet­i­tive ­level, prob­ably ­because ­these ath­letes ­have a ­higher con­scious­ness of the incom­pat­ibility ­between ­smoking ­status and phys­ical effi­ciency.

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