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Medicina dello Sport 2000 March;53(1):9-39


language: Italian

Sporting fitness exams: an electronic statistical evaluation of 35,000 exams at the Sports Medicine Institute of Bologna (Part I. Descriptive statistics)

Azzolini P. L., Roveran G.

Scuola di Specializzazione in Medicina dello Sport, Istituto di Medicina dello Sport CONI-FMSI, Università degli Studi, Bologna


As you probably know, in Italy we have a special legislation for agonistic sport activity. This fact involves that each agonist, periodically (in general once a year) has to “pass” a specialized medical control to get access to the competition team. The medical control methods and procedures are strictly stated by Italian law. Since October 1991, at the Institute of Sport Medicine in Bologna, a dedicated computer network system has been installed to store an extremely large amount of data coming from the physical examinations we made for agonistic sport licenses. The actual database may count on 35,000 complete records made in the observance of the current Italian specific law. The network software, was planned, since the beginning, for statistical purposes; data input modalities are based on a fully protected system and the only way to get network access is through a password linked to a personal floppy disk. Only specialized physicians working at the Institute may own a personal floppy/password access. Obiouvsly this was intented not only to protect data violation but also to assure that the stored informations were directly posted by a Specialized Physicians. Thanks to this system we may count on a great deal of very reliable information on Italian athletes population (about 60 million bytes). Beeing this software able to manage many different kinds of statistical analysis, we decided to examine different sections starting from the descriptive statistics. In this review we will consider the simplest parameters we have: age, height, weight/height ratio and arterial blood pressure. Only a concise discussion will follow each task, leaving the reader any further consideration through the long sequence of tables and graphics. The statistical significance of these evaluations, in our opinion, has not to be undervalued since it is referred “only” to the athletic population. It may represent a valid comparision in regards of non athletic population.

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