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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE 

International Angiology 2021 April;40(2):112-24

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.21.04582-X

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio as a link between complex pedal ulcers and poor clinical results after infrainguinal surgical revascularization

Julio GONZÁLEZ-HERNANDEZ, César VARELA , Ignacio MICHEL, Ilsem V. LAIME, Jhenifer UYAGUARI, José R. MARCH

Department of Angiology and Vascular-Endovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Getafe, Getafe, Spain



BACKGROUND: Our aim was to evaluate the influence of preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on patency and clinical results after infrainguinal surgical revascularization for chronic limb ischemia.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 150 infrainguinal autologous bypasses performed to infragenicular popliteal artery or tibial vessels in 140 (93%) patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) and in 10 (7%) with disabling claudication. NLR was calculated using blood samples obtained 24 hours preoperatively. The cohort was stratified into 2 groups according to interquartile ranges of NLR: “ELEVATED-NLR” (Quartile 4 N.=37) and “LOW-NLR” (Quartile 1-2-3 N.=113). Reperfused ulcers were described using the WIfI classification. Patency, freedom from MALE and amputation-free survival at 24 months were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate comparisons between NLR groups were performed using the Log-Rank test. Statistical differences on univariate analysis were adjusted in a multivariate model (Cox regression).
RESULTS: NLR values were similar between CLTI and claudication. Ischemic ulcers were more frequent, (83.4% vs. 59.3% P<0.01), more severe (W2-3: 37.8% vs. 22.1% P=0.01) and pedal infection was deeper (fI 2-3: 40.5% vs. 18.6% P=0.003) in “ELEVATED-NLR” group. Severe ischemia (I3) was similar between groups. High NLR values were independent predictors of patency loss (HR: 1.77 CI95% [1.01-3.10] P=0.04), MALE (HR: 2.04 CI95% [1.03-4.04] P=0.04) and worse amputation-free survival (HR:2.10 CI95% [1.06-4.14] P=0.03) rates at 24 months.
CONCLUSIONS: High preoperative NLR values are associated with severe and deep infected ulcers and predicts primary patency loss, higher major adverse limb events and worse amputation-free survival rates on long-term follow-up after infrainguinal surgical revascularization.


KEY WORDS: Neutrophils; Lymphocytes; Lower extremity; Cerebral revascularization; Ulcer

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