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International Angiology 2018 October;37(5):400-10

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.18.03997-4

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Electrical calf muscle stimulation in patients with post-thrombotic syndrome and residual venous obstruction after anticoagulation therapy

Kirill LOBASTOV , Vladimir RYZHKIN, Athena VORONTSOVA, Ilya SCHASTLIVTSEV, Victor BARINOV, Leonid LABERKO, Grigory RODOMAN

Department of General Surgery and Radiology, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia



BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of electrical calf muscle stimulation (EMS) on clinical and ultrasound outcomes in patients with post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) and residual venous obstruction (RVO).
METHODS: This was a prospective, comparative, non-randomized clinical trial involving patients who had completed a standard 6-month course of anticoagulation therapy for a first episode of unprovoked femoro-popliteal DVT and had signs of RVO in the affected veins and PTS as shown by a Villalta Score of >5. A blinded outcome assessor performed the ultrasound evaluations. A total of 60 patients in the age range from 40 to 86 years (mean 58.5±11.4) consisting of 38 men and 22 women were enrolled. They were divided into two groups of 30 participants each. Both groups (experimental and control) were treated by active walking, below-knee graduated compression stockings, and micronized purified flavonoid fraction. In the experimental group, EMS with «Veinoplus VI» device (three applications for 30 min every day) was also used. The patients were followed for 12 months with monthly DUS to reveal recurrent DVT and changes in RVO. The clinical criteria for treatment efficacy included changes in Villalta, VCSS and CIVIQ-20 scores.
RESULTS: Recurrent DVT was found in seven of 30 patients in the control group and in zero of 30 patients in the experimental group (23.3% versus 0%, P=0.01). Through the follow-up period the degree of RVO decreased in all affected veins in both groups (P<0.01). The most significant changes were found in the popliteal vein; 60.8% decreased to 28.8% in the experimental group and 50.9% to 27.3% in the control group (P<0.01) with significant differences between the groups (P<0.01). VCSS, Villalta and CIVIQ-20 scores also significantly decreased in both groups (P<0.01). In the group with EMS, changes in the current parameters were more intensive (P<0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: There is an ongoing process of deep vein recanalization during the 12 months after anticoagulant therapy cessation. Use of EMS in PTS treatment allows for reduction of recurrent DVT rates, increase the speed of deep vein recanalization and leads to additional improvement in the clinical PTS outcomes.


KEY WORDS: Post-thrombotic syndrome - Electric stimulation therapy - Prevention and control

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