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INTERNATIONAL ANGIOLOGY

A Journal on Angiology


Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
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International Angiology 2018 April;37(2):176-80

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.18.03939-1

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Recurrent varices after surgery: a clinical and color-Doppler ultrasound scan analysis

Daniele BISSACCO 1, 2 , Enza L. CASTRONOVO 1, 2, Silvia ROMAGNOLI 2, Maurizio DOMANIN 2, 3

1 School of Vascular Surgery, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 2 Department of Vascular Surgery, IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy; 3 Department of Clinical Sciences and Community, University of Milan, Milan, Italy


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BACKGROUND: To evaluate clinical pictures, symptoms and etiology of recurrent varices after surgery (REVAS) through a clinical and color-Doppler-ultrasound scan (CDUS) analysis.
METHODS: During a three-year period, data about 9043 consecutive outpatients were collected. Among these, 160 patients (1.8%) were affected by REVAS. Data about risk factors, types of primary vein surgery, symptoms, clinical and CDUS characteristics were analyzed using the Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy and Pathophysiology (CEAP), Stonebridge and Perrin classifications in order to evaluate clinical and anatomical varices patterns.
RESULTS: Family history for chronic venous disease (90%), sedentary lifestyle (61.9%) and obesity (11.9%) were the most representative risk factors. REVAS symptoms were rather heterogeneous, although only 10% of cases was fully asymptomatic. CEAP classification showed a prevalence of C2 and C3 class (56.3% and 35% respectively). About half of inguinal REVAS was connected from a great saphenous vein residual stump (Stonebridge type 1). Lower limb perforating veins resulted associated to REVAS in 43.8% of cases.
CONCLUSIONS: REVAS remain a major and still unsolved problem in patients following varicose veins surgery. Their clinical pictures and symptoms are heterogeneous and require a watchful analysis in order to identify both etiology and natural history.


KEY WORDS: Venous insufficiency - Varicose veins - Ultrasonography, Doppler, color - REVAS, Varices recurrence

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Publication History

Issue published online: March 19, 2018
Article first published online: January 29, 2018
Manuscript accepted: January 10, 2018
Manuscript revised: January 3, 2018
Manuscript received: October 24, 2017

Cite this article as

Bissacco D, Castronovo EL, Romagnoli S, Domanin M. Recurrent varices after surgery: a clinical and color-Doppler ultrasound scan analysis. Int Angiol 2018;37:176-80. DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.18.03939-1

Corresponding author e-mail

danielebissaccomd@gmail.com