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INTERNATIONAL ANGIOLOGY

A Journal on Angiology


Official Journal of the International Union of Angiology, the International Union of Phlebology and the Central European Vascular Forum
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International Angiology 2017 April;36(2):129-35

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.16.03647-6

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Comparison between the effects of 18- and 23-mmHg elastic stockings on leg volume and fatigue in golfers

Sergio GIANESINI, Mirko TESSARI, Erica MENEGATTI, Paolo SPATH, Maria Elena VANNINI, Savino OCCHIONORELLI, Paolo ZAMBONI

Vascular Diseases Center, Unit of Translational Surgery, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy


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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the differences in the effect of 18- versus 23-mmHg hosiery as for leg volume and fatigue control.
METHODS: Forty golf players (M: N.=29, F: N.=11; mean age 48±11 years) were randomized for a 18-hole competition without hosiery (N.=10), with 18-mmHg graduated stockings (N.=10) and with 23-mmHg graduated stockings (N.=20, half of which footless and half footed). An echo-color-Doppler scanning excluded vascular pathologies. Limb volume was assessed by water plethysmography. The perceived fatigue was assessed by a questionnaire.
RESULTS: The use of no hosiery led to a 5% increase in leg volume (P<0.0001). In the 18-mmHg group, a non-significant 1% volume reduction was observed. In the 23-mmHg group, leg volume significantly decreased by 4% both with footless and footed stockings. A significant fatigue reduction was perceived only in the 23-mmHg group.
CONCLUSIONS: A leg volume increase was reported along an 18-hole competition. In the 18- and 23-mmHg groups, only the latter demonstrated a significant reduction in leg volume and perceived fatigue.


KEY WORDS: Compression stockings - Golf - Edema - Fatigue

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Publication History

Issue published online: February 21, 2017
Article first published online: March 11, 2016
Manuscript accepted: February 8, 2016
Manuscript received: December 1, 2015

Cite this article as

Gianesini S, Tessari M, Menegatti E, Spath P, Vannini ME, Occhionorelli S, et al. Comparison between the effects of 18- and 23-mmHg elastic stockings on leg volume and fatigue in golfers. Int Angiol 2017;36:129-35. DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.16.03647-6

Corresponding author e-mail

sergiogianesini@gmail.com