Home > Journals > International Angiology > Past Issues > International Angiology 2015 December;34(6) > International Angiology 2015 December;34(6):589-96



To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian


Cite this article as



International Angiology 2015 December;34(6):589-96


language: English

Sulodexide suppresses inflammation in patients with chronic venous insufficiency

Urbanek T. 1, Zbigniew K. 2, Begier-Krasińska B. 3, Baum E. 4, Bręborowicz A. 4

1 Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland; 2 Department of General and Vascular Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland; 3 Department of Hypertension, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland; 4 Department of Pathophysiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland


AIM: According to previously performed studies, inflammation plays a crucial role in vein wall and leg tissue injury related to chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) development. Sulodexide (SUL) is a balanced mix of glycosaminoglycans with potential anticoagulant and profibrinolytic activity, also protecting endothelial cells and suppressing inflammatory reactions in various vascular disease-related conditions. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory action of SUL in patients with CVI.
METHODS: The study was performed on a group of 11 patients with chronic venous disease (stage C5 according to CEAP classification). The mean age of the patients was 58.4±7.7 years, and none of them were diabetic. The patients were treated for 8 weeks with orally-administered SUL (2 x 500 LSU/day). Blood samples were collected at the start and at the end of the study for measurement of MMP-9, IL-6 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1). Additionally, the effect of the obtained serum samples on the function of human venous endothelial cells (HVEC) in in-vitro culture was evaluated.
RESULTS: After treatment with SUL, the serum concentration of MMP-9 (ng/mL) decreased from 6.50±3.48 to 5.41±1.36, P<0.05, and the concentration of IL-6 (pg/mL) decreased from 11.5±3.4 to 10.1±2.3, P<0.005. There was also a trend of decreased serum MCP-1 (pg/mL) from 31.3±23.0 before treatment to 27.1±10.7 at the end. Intracellular generation of oxygen-derived free radicals in HVEC maintained in in-vitro culture was lower in the serum samples collected after treatment with SUL: 3.09±0.35 abs/μg protein vs. 3.63±0.32 abs/μg protein, at the start, P<0.05. Synthesis of IL-6 was lower in HVEC exposed in vitro to serum collected at the end of SUL treatment: 1.02±0.31 ng/μg cell protein vs. 1.32±0.41 ng/μg cell protein before SUL treatment. The proliferation rate of HVEC was similar in serum collected at the beginning and at the end of SUL treatment.
CONCLUSION: We conclude that treatment with SUL in patients with CVI reduces intravascular inflammation and is protective for the endothelial cells and for the extracellular matrix changes related to metalloproteinase expression.

top of page