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International Angiology 2011 June;30(3):286-9

Copyright © 2011 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

High bifurcation of the brachial artery

Troupis T. 1, Zachariadis M. 1, Troupis G. 1, Polydorou V. 1, Polydorou A. 2, Anagnostopoulou S. 1

1 Department of Anatomy, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece; 2 Hemodynamic and Interventional Department, Evangelismos General Hospital, Athens, Greece


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Variations of the arterial pattern in the upper limb are quite common in humans. In the present study, we describe two cases of high bifurcation of the brachial artery. In the first cadaver both branches run superficially along the arm and were also located superficially at the antecubita fossa. In the second cadaver the branch that continues as the radial artery in the forearm run superficially and was located also superficially at the antecubita fossa, while the second branch had a more or less normal distribution. The embryological basis and clinical significance are discussed.

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