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International Angiology 2011 February;30(1):43-51

Copyright © 2011 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

ICU transfer after elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair can be succesfully reduced with a modified protocol. A fourteen year experience from a University Hospital

Bakoyiannis C. N. 1, Tsekouras N. S. 1, Georgopoulos S. 1, Klonaris C. 1, Bastounis E. E. 2, Filis K. 3, Papalambros E. 1, Bastounis E. 1

1 First Department of Surgery, Vascular Department, University of Athens Medical School, “Laiko” General Hospital, Athens, Greece; 2 Department of Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, USA; 3 1st Department of Propaedeutic Surgery, Hippokrateion Hospital, Athens Medical School, University of Athens, Athens, Greece


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AIM: To compare different selective criteria for Internal Care Unit (ICU) admission in two different timeframes, after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. A retrosprctive audit of acquired data was performed.
METHODS: During a period of fourteen years (1994-2008), 1152 patients underwent an elective open operation for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, in our department. Six hundred and two patients (Group A) were treated in the period January 1994-January 2003, and 550 patients (Group B) between January 2003 and August 2008. Postoperatively, all patients were transferred to postanesthesia unit (PAU). After a 2 hours period of close observation, they were transferred either to the ICU or to the surgical ward, according to certain selective criteria (SC). In group A we used SC-A, for admission to an ICU, and in group B we used new, stricter, criteria (SC-B). Thirty-day mortality and morbidity, elective admissions to ICU, rate of subsequent ICU admission, from ward to ICU, and the mean hospital and ICU length of stay, were compared between the two groups.
RESULTS: The use of SC-B resulted in a significant reduction of elective admissions to ICU (3.1% vs 8.5%, P<0.001). Nevertheless, the portion of patients, which were transferred with a severe postoperative complication from the ward to ICU, remained similar between the two groups (1.1% vs 0,9%, in group A and B, respectively). All other endpoints were similar in both groups.
CONCLUSION: Modifying the protocol of ICU transfer, after elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, we can reduce the number of patients requiring ICU, without compromising patients’ safety.

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