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International Angiology 2007 September;26(3):279-84


language: English

Surgery of the pretransversal vertebral artery: indications and results

Picquet J. 1, Benharash P. 2, Blin V. 1, Jousset Y. 1, Papon X. 1, Enon B. 1

1 Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital of Angers, Angers, France 2 Vascular Laboratory, Department of Vascular Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA


Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate our results with elective vertebral arteries surgery, to emphasize the indications of such revascularization and to compare it with previous larger studies.
Methods. The medical records of all patients who underwent a pretransversal vertebral artery (VA) revascularization between 1990 and 2004 at our University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed.
Results. Forty patients, with a mean age of 60.5 years, met the criteria for VA surgery and accounted for 4.2% of the vascular surgeries involving the brain. Seventeen (42.5%) patients presented with vertebrobasilar insufficiency of hemodynamic origin, 16 (40%) with embolism, and 7 (17.5%) had no neurological symptoms. Direct vertebrocarotid reimplantation was the main procedure performed. No death or stroke occurred preoperatively or during the perioperative period. Mean follow-up was 31 months. Overall survival was 86.9% at 3 years and the primary patency rate was 97.5% at 3 years.
Conclusion. Our study confirms the good results achieved by the pretransversal conventional VA surgery. This surgery remains few in number despite the fact that about 25% of ischemic strokes occur in the vertebrobasilar region. Vertebrobasilar signs should be better recognized to avoid performing this type of procedure merely based on imaging criteria.

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