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International Angiology 2006 December;25(4):395-400

Copyright © 2006 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Carotid endarterectomy with internal carotid artery segmental resection, temporary shunt and vein patch angioplasty: early and mid-term results

Scavée V., Pirlet I., Van San P., Haxhe J. P.

Vascular Laboratory, Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery Saint-Pierre Clinic, University Affiliated Hospital Catholic University of Louvain (UCL), Ottignies, Belgium


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Aim. The authors report an alternative procedure to carotid endarterectomy with internal carotid artery (ICA) segmental resection and end-to-end anastomosis associated with temporary shunt and venous patch angioplasty. Design: prospective cohort study.
Methods. Between May 1995 and December 2004, 192 patients underwent 200 primary CEAs for significant ICA stenosis. There were 131 men and 61 women with a mean age of 72.4±8.4 years. The indications for CEA were asymptomatic lesions in 51.5%, transient ischemic attack in 27.5% and stroke in 21%.
Results. The combined early morbidity and mortality rate was 2%. Two patients died, one due to fatal intracerebral hemorrhage and the second patient died of acute mesenteric ischemia. Neurological complications occurred in 2 patients, including 1 TIA and 1 nondisabling cerebrovascular accident. Non-neurological complications occurred in 26 patients (13.5%). Seventeen patients (8.8%) developed hypertension, 3 neck hematomas (1.5%) required surgical evacuation, 1 patient had reversible supraventricular arrhythmia (0.5%) and 1 patient had pneumonia (0.5%). Furthermore, 1 asymptomatic carotid occlusion was identified (0.5%) and 3 patients suffered permanent cranial nerve injury (1.5%). Mean follow-up was 45.7 months and there were 41 late deaths (21.8%). Survival rates at 1 and 5 years were 96.7±1.2% and 73.58±4.2%, respectively.
Conclusions. CEA with ICA shortening and reanastomosis is a safe and reliable procedure without any increase in morbidity or mortality.

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