Home > Journals > Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche > Past Issues > Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2021 September;180(9) > Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2021 September;180(9):399-403

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe PROMO
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as
Share

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE   

Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2021 September;180(9):399-403

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.19.04214-1

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

A new hypothesis to explain the mechanism that may be involved in the genesis of sleep bruxism

Antonio FERRANTE 1, 2

1 University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; 2 Centro Terapia Miofunzionale, Naples, Italy



BACKGROUND: The present study aims at constructing a new hypothesis on bruxism’s potential neurological etiology. Bruxism is not regarded a parafunction or stress reaction but a non-physiological mechanism deployed by patients suffering from incorrect swallow and functional disorders of the trigeminal stimulation in order to support the memorizing of information during sleep and the attention span during the day.
METHODS: The study was conducted on 80 patients of both genders aged 20-34 years. All were suffering from impaired swallowing. The patients were randomized and clustered in two groups of each 40 persons. The first group’s patients (group A) underwent myofunctional therapy according to Garliner (modified by Ferrante) for 3 months. Patients clustered in the second group were further divided into two groups of each 20 people. Twenty individuals (group B1) did not receive any treatment and were simply monitored for bruxism; the remaining 20 patients (group B2) used “Bite Strips” to reduce parafunctional activities. Inclusion criteria: patients with night bruxism. Exclusion criteria: patients with congenital or acquired craniofacial abnormalities, genetic syndromes, neurologic disorders, and psychiatric disorders. Patients taking medicines. Patients with short frenum or tongue tie.
RESULTS: In the first group, 34 patients (85%) stopped bruxism in three months.
CONCLUSIONS: The new hypothesis may be right.


KEY WORDS: Sleep bruxism; Trigeminal nerve; Memory

top of page