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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2021 June;180(6):268-73

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.20.04395-8

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effect of 8 weeks of interval aerobic exercise on body fat percentage and lipid profile of overweight male college students

Mansour SAYYAH 1 , Zarichehr VAKILI 2, Hasan EHTRAM 1

1 Clinical Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran; 2 Educational Development Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran



BACKGROUND: Regular physical activities are effective means of maintaining health and preventing obesity. Lack of physical activities results in harmful alteration of blood lipid profile and body composition. Participation in regular aerobic exercises leads to maintain a healthy body condition. This research was designed to examine the effect of 8 weeks interval aerobic exercise participation on blood lipid profile and body composition of overweight college students.
METHODS: This was an experimental research in which 11 overweight college students completed 8 weeks of progressively increasing intermittent aerobic exercise program while 11 students served as the control group. Blood profile lipids including TG, Cholesterol, HDL, VLDL and anthropometric measures including weight, BMI, and BF% were measured before and after the exercise protocol. Statistical Analysis was performed by independent and dependent t-test by using SPSS 16.0 software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA).
RESULTS: The result of independent t-test showed that there were significant changes in between the lipid profile of the participants including TG, HDL, VLDL, and anthropometric measures of BMI, body Fat percent and weight, respectively (P=0.0.000, P=0.005, P=0.000, P=0.026, P=0.001 and P=0.020). The levels of TG, VLDL, BMI, BF% and weight were significantly lower that the control group after the exercise protocol while no such differences was present for the Cholesterol level (P=0.974). Intermittent aerobic exercise with rest interval performed for 8 weeks decreases is sufficient to lower the harmful lipid components including TG, VLDL and increase HDL significantly. In addition, this type of exercise is useful to reduce BMI and BF% in overweight college students.
CONCLUSIONS: Intermittent aerobic exercise with rest interval performed for 8 weeks decreases is sufficient to lower the harmful lipid components including TG, VLDL and increase HDL significantly. In addition, this type of exercise is useful to reduce BMI and BF% in overweight college students.


KEY WORDS: Body composition; Body Mass Index; Exercise; Lipids; Overweight

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