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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2020 April;179(4):264-9

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.19.04093-2

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effect of resistance training with vascular occlusion in the upper limbs

João F. BARBIERI 1, 2, Mateus F. CAMILO de LIMA 1, Isabela IMBRIANI FERREIRA 1, João P. GOMES 1, Shirko AHMADI 2

1 Department of Physical Education, Max Planck University Center (UNIMAX), Campinas, Brazil; 2 Department of Physical Education, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil



BACKGROUND: Vascular occlusion training has been proved to be safe and effective training in achieving muscular strength and hypertrophy in healthy adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vascular occlusion training for upper limbs on strength and hypertrophy in comparison with traditional resistance training.
METHODS: Six healthy men, 20-35 years old (body weight 85.2±11.2 kg; height 1.75±0.04 m) were randomly assigned to either a group that performed resistance training with vascular occlusion (OG) and a group that performed resistance training without vascular occlusion (NOG). The study period lasted 5 weeks with participants performing 2 workouts a week comprised 3 sets of 15 repetitions (NOG: 70% to 80% of 1RM; OG: 30% load of 1RM) of 2 different exercises (elbow flexion and elbow extension) per session. Testing was performed pre-test and post-test for muscle strength (1RM elbow flexion and elbow extension), and muscle circumference of the elbow flexors, and elbow extensors by an anthropometric tape.
RESULTS: Maximal strength was greater for both triceps (d=0.6) and biceps (d=1.7) exercises for NOG compared to OG. Muscle circumferences was greater for OG compared to NOG in the both triceps and biceps exercises as well.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that the traditional resistance training using higher intensity (higher loads), requiring more neuromuscular control, generating greater overload and total work to the involved muscles.


KEY WORDS: Upper extremity; Hypertrophy; Muscle strength

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