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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2020 March;179(3):117-23

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.19.04043-9

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Impact of makeup on quality of life of Japanese elderly married couples: does makeup improve quality of life of wife as well as that of husband?

Ayako SHINGYOJI 1, Osamu TOKUMARU 2 , Kazue OGATA 3, Isao YOKOI 3

1 School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Yufu City, Japan; 2 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Welfare and Health Sciences, Oita University, Oita City, Japan; 3 Department of Neurophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Yufu City, Japan



BACKGROUND: Aging significantly affects perception of their body image and thus quality of life (QOL) in the elderly. It has been reported that makeup improved QOL of females with skin diseases, but little is known about its impact on healthy elderly females. The aim of the present study was to determine whether makeup leads to improvement of QOL of healthy elderly wives as well as that of their husbands.
METHODS: Thirteen senior married couples aged ≥ 60 years participated in the present study as volunteer subjects. After receiving personalized counseling and hands-on training on cosmetics, wives performed the instructed makeup for the following 4-week intervention period at home. QOL was assessed using a validated QOL questionnaire, the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF, before and after the intervention period.
RESULTS: The scores of physical health (P=0.029), psychological (P<0.001) and social relationship domains (P=0.036) and general QOL (P=0.008) of the WHOQOL-BREF were significantly improved in wives, while no change in QOL score was observed in their husbands. Changes in QOL scores were positively correlated between physical health and environmental domains, psychological and social relationship domains, and social relationship and environmental domains (P<0.05) in wives. No correlation was observed between changes in QOL scores of wives and those of their husbands.
CONCLUSIONS: Cosmetic counseling/training and the following at-home self-makeup intervention significantly improved QOL in elderly females. But no impact of makeup was observed on QOL of their husbands.


KEY WORDS: Cosmetics; Quality of life; Aged; Spouses

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