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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2020 January-February;179(1-2):13-9

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.18.03987-6

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Acute effect of dynamic stretching or running on endurance running performance in well-trained male runners

Taichi YAMAGUCHI 1 , Kazuki TAKIZAWA 2, Keisuke SHIBATA 3, 4, Nobuyasu TOMABECHI 4, 5, Mina SAMUKAWA 6, Masanori YAMANAKA 6, 7

1 Laboratory of Food Ecology and Sports Science, Department of Food Science and Human Wellness, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment Sciences, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Japan; 2 Institute of Physical Development Research, Sapporo, Japan; 3 Strength and Conditioning Laboratory, Department of Sustainable Agriculture, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment Sciences, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Japan; 4 Graduate School of Education, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan; 5 Sports Training Center, Nippon Sport Science University, Setagaya, Tokyo, Japan; 6 Faculty of Health Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan; 7 Division of Physical Therapy, Hokkaido Chitose College of Rehabilitation, Chitose, Japan



BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of dynamic stretching and running on relative high-intensity endurance running performance in well-trained male runners.
METHODS: The endurance running performances of 16 well-trained long-distance male runners were assessed on a treadmill at about 5 minutes after 2 types of intervention. The interventions were running intervention and dynamic stretching intervention. In the running intervention, each participant ran on the treadmill at a velocity equivalent to his 70% maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max) in each participant for 15 minutes. In the dynamic stretching intervention, dynamic stretching was performed for 10 repetitions as quickly as possible for the 5 muscle groups of the lower extremities for 3 minutes and 40±9 seconds. Endurance running performance was evaluated by time to exhaustion during running at a velocity equivalent to 90% V̇O2max in each participant.
RESULTS: The time to exhaustion (870.7±237.6 seconds) after dynamic stretching intervention was significantly (d=0.75, P=0.01) prolonged compared with that (745.4±225.1 seconds) after running intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrated that the dynamic stretching intervention improved the endurance performance of running at a velocity equivalent to 90% V̇O2max in well-trained male runners. Our findings suggested that performing dynamic stretching was effective for improving performance compared with performing only running during the warm-up.


KEY WORDS: Running; Athletic performance; Muscle stretching exercises

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