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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2019 June;178(6):452-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.18.03778-6

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Analysis of anti mullerian hormone levels of female athletes and sedentary women

Ercüment GEDIK 1, Erkut TUTKUN 2 , Hakan ACAR 3

1 Anatolian High School, Fatsa, Turkey; 2 Faculty of Sport Science, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey; 3 School of Pyhsical Education and Sport, Bülent Ecevit University, Zonguldak, Turkey



BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to compare levels of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) between female athletes and sedentary women.
METHODS: A total of 72 volunteers, 36 women athletes and 36 sedentary women, participated in the study. After some of the demographic information was recorded, average 5 cc venous blood samples were taken from the participants when they were not in their menstruation period in order to find out their AMH levels. The differences between variables were tested by t-test, one-way ANOVA, post-hoc and Pearson’s correlation test. SPSS v. 21 package program was used for data analysis and the level of error was accepted as P<0.05.
RESULTS: A weak statistically significant positive association (r=0.305) was found between age and AMH, while a weak statistically significant negative association was found between weight and AMH (r=-0.035) and height and AMH (r=-0.352) (P<0.05). A statistically significant difference was found between groups in terms of the participating in sports and AMH levels (P<0.05). A statistically significant difference was found between AMH levels of sedentary group and the groups who trained for 3-4 days a week and for 5-7 days a week (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: AMH levels were found to be lower in women athletes when compared with sedentary women. Longer periods of sports and more frequent weekly trainings affect AMH level negatively. When the effects of AMH on pregnancy are taken into consideration, making the required adjustments on the frequency, period and intensity of sports has increased its importance.


KEY WORDS: Anti-Mullerian hormone; Exercise; Sports; Women

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