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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2019 May;178(5):249-55

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.18.03829-9

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Physiological, anthropometric profiles and motor performance of urban and rural primary school pupils

Eric J. APPIAH 1, Monday O. MOSES 2 , Morrow ALHAJI 3, Biggie BAFFOUR-AWUAH 4, Benjamin ASAMOAH 5, Lady G. AKWA 6, Francis OSEI 7

1 Unit of Sports Science and Ethics, Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; 2 Unit of Exercise Physiology, Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; 3 Unit of Athletic Training, Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; 4 Unit of Exercise Science, Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; 5 Unit of Sports and Exercise Psychology, Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; 6 Unit of Applied Sports and Exercise Medicine, Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; 7 Unit of Exercise Rehabilitation, Department of Sports and Exercise Science, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana



BACKGROUND: Children often exhibit comparable attributes irrespective of their geographical locations. This study compared the physiological, anthropometric and motor performance attributes of urban and rural primary school pupils.
METHODS: The cross-sectional study employed two-stage sampling method to recruit 232 pupils (mean age= 9.44±2.12 years) from two urban and rural schools each. Physiological (resting heart rate [RHR], systolic blood pressure [SBP], diastolic blood pressure [DBP], maximal oxygen consumption [VO2max]), anthropometric (weight, Body Mass Index [BMI], calf girth [CG], arm flexed girth [AFG], upper arm length [UAL], lower arm length [LAL], upper leg length [ULL], lower leg length [LLL]), and motor performance (maximum speed [MS] and explosive leg power [ELP]) were measured.
RESULTS: Significant differences observed in VO2max (P=0.023), weight (P=0.000), BMI (P=0.000), LAL (P=0.008), and ELP (P=0.046) between pupils in urban and rural. Mean distributions of AFG (P=0.003), CG (P=0.003), UAL (P=0.016), ULL (P=0.002), LLL (P=0.002), ELP (P=0.010), MS (P=0.000) by gender between pupils in rural and urban schools were significantly different. Pupils in urban had significantly high motor performance (P=0.041).
CONCLUSIONS: Pupils in urban primary schools weigh more; have higher VO2max, BMI, ELP and better motor performance than those in rural schools. Ghana Ministry of Youth and Sports, National Sports Authority and Ghana Education Service could use these findings for comprehensive age related athlete identification, selection and development.


KEY WORDS: Heart rate - Blood pressure - Pupil

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