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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2019 March;178(3):126-31

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.18.03645-8


language: English

Dry eye among undergraduate students studying sports-related subjects: current status and associated issues

Shigeki MURAKAMI 1, 2 , Yoshimitsu KOHMURA 1, Yasuo SHIRAISHI 3, Kazuhiro AOKI 1, Manabu NAKATA 1, Rena HAMANO 4, Keisuke SAWAKI 1

1 Department of Sports Science, Juntendo University School of Health and Sports Science, Tokyo, Japan; 2 Murakami Eye Clinic, Kumamoto, Japan; 3 Tokyo University of Science School of Management, Tokyo, Japan; 4 Niigata University of Health and Welfare Faculty of Health Sciences, Niigata, Japan

BACKGROUND: Good visual acuity and visual information are crucial in sports. We have previously investigated the status of visual correction among collegiate athletes, and found that dry eye is a comparatively frequent problem. We therefore undertook a more in-depth study of subjective symptoms of dry eye and associated issues.
METHODS: We distributed a questionnaire to 355 undergraduate students studying sports-related subjects, covering matters including the type and severity of symptoms of dry eye, previous diagnosis of dry eye, duration of visual display terminal (VDT) use, sports practiced and time spent training, and methods of visual correction and associated problems.
RESULTS: Mean duration of VDT use by respondents was 2.8 h/day. The prevalence of subjective dry eye was 60.5% (men, 56.2%; women, 69.4%), and the prevalence of clinically diagnosed dry eye was 9.0% (men, 7.0%; women, 13.5%). Assessment of symptom severity for dry eye according to the Ocular Surface Dryness Index (OSDI) found that 43.9% of subjects were normal and that dry eye was mild in 22.4%, moderate in 16.4%, and severe in 17.3%. The prevalence of subjective dry eye among these undergraduate students studying sports-related subjects was thus extremely high, with 33.7% exhibiting moderate or severe subjective symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: Undergraduate students studying sports-related subjects should be properly educated about dry eye and adopt lifestyle habits to prevent this pathology. Continuation of prescribed eyedrop treatment and use of contact lenses to diminish symptoms are recommended to treat dry eye and improve visual function.

KEY WORDS: Contact Lenses - Dry eye syndromes - Risk factors - Sports

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