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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2018 December;177(12):677-82

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.18.03685-9

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Epidemiology of sport trauma: a prospective study

Maryam AMERI 1, Kamran AGHAKHANI 1, Azadeh MEMARIAN 1 , Ebrahim AMERI 2

1 Department of Forensic Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; 2 Department of Orthopedics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to describe the pattern of incidence in relation with age, gender and population, and featured hospital-treated sports injury in Shafa Yahyaeian Hospital, Medical University of Iran.
METHODS: Patients without any age limitation with orthopedic trauma were accepted in Shafa Yahyaeian Hospital, Medical University of Iran. This hospital is the main orthopedic referral center in Iran. The patients were prospectively evaluated from April 2013 to November 2013.
RESULTS: The study at first included 2478 patients; but then shortened to 92 patients with sport related trauma. There was a male predominance (87%, N.=47) among the patients. The females had a higher mean age 37.3±24.4 years, versus females with mean age 29.9±17.8 years (P<0.05). The fractures occurred in upper limb in 65.2% (N.=60) and 15.2% (N.=14) in lower limb of patients. There were 27 cases with joint dislocation, 5 cases with knee ligamentous injuries. The most frequent mechanism in both gender were falls from standing position (45.8%). The most common age for sport trauma was 10-19 with 38 cases (41.3%).
CONCLUSIONS: Evaluation of epidemiologic factors can lead to the best prediction and treatment planning of trauma. Early recognition of injury, even minor, and expected care using specialized teams will help to improve outcomes for these patients. This study determines the most at risk groups for trauma and fractures and may help the institutes and healthcare centers to prevent damage.


KEY WORDS: Joint dislocations - Epidemiology - Fractures, bone - Wounds and injuries

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