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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2017 November;176(11):613-24

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.16.03422-7

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Association between the experience of supervised strength training and the knowledge of stretching

Kazushige OSHITA 1 , Takuya MATSUZAKI 2, Akihisa HIKITA 1, Ryo MIYAZAKI 3, Goichi HAGIWARA 4, Tomoki TASHIRO 1, Tempei TSUNO 5, Yukito HIGUCHI 1, Kyotaro FUNATSU 1

1 Department of Sports Science, Kyushu Kyoritsu University, Kitakyushu, Japan; 2 Integrated Arts and Science, Kitakyushu National College of Technology, Kitakyushu, Japan; 3 Faculty of Human Sciences, Shimane University, Matsue, Japan; 4 Department of Sports Humanities and Applied Social Science, National Institute of Fitness and Sports, Kanoya, Japan; 5 Graduate School of Physical Education, National Institute of Fitness and Sports, Kanoya, Japan


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BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association between previous experience with strength training under proper supervision and knowledge of stretching.
METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among university students (N.=870) to clarify the relationships between their experience of strength training under appropriate supervision, and knowledge of sit-and-reach stretching (SR-stretching).
RESULTS: This study revealed that more than 50% of the participants performed SR-stretching periodically, even if they did not have any experience with strength training under appropriate supervision. The participants who lacked experience with strength training under supervision had made significantly greater attempts to consciously stretch non-stretched parts (i.e. abdominals, anterior legs, arms, and so) upon being shown the SR-stretching picture than those who had experienced strength training under supervision.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that although the individuals performed SR-stretching periodically, those who had never experienced strength training under supervision may not have properly understood the stretching method. Therefore, to enhance the benefits of stretching, individuals should be instructed to perform the technique correctly and under appropriate supervision. Furthermore, more than 70% of those who do not have regular exercise habits perceived that non-stretched parts were being stretched. It is suggested that appropriate supervision is of greater importance for participants without regular exercise habits who begin exercise.


KEY WORDS: Muscle stretching exercises - Resistance training - Exercise

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