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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2017 May;176(5):289-98

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.16.03277-0

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effects of short-term training camp including aerobic exercise and vegetarian diet on body composition, physical fitness and blood biochemical parameters in collegians

Buong O. CHUN 1, Mi E. YUN 2, Il M. KIM 3, Jae K. LEE 1, 4

1 Research Institue for Behavioral Fitness and Medicine, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea; 2 Department of Food and Nutrition, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea; 3 Department of Theology, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea; 4 Department of Leisure and Sports, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea


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BACKGORUND: This study examined the effects of short-term aerobic exercise and vegetarian diet on physical fitness, body composition, lipid metabolism, glucose metabolism in collegians.
METHODS: 65 collegians (male 44, female 21) participated in this study. During 10 days of the study, all participants lived in a domitory with two hour’s daily and took the same vegetarian menu. Body composition (weight, BMI, body fat mass), physical fitness (back strength, shoulder flexibility, sit-and-reach, VO2max), and lipid and glucose metabolism (TG, TC, LDL-C, HDL-C, glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, HOMA-β, HbA1c) parameters were measured.
RESULTS: The results showed that there were significant improvements in physical fitness (back strength, shoulder flexibility, sit-and-reach), body composition (weight, BMI, body fat mass), and lipid and glucose metabolism (TG, TC, LDL-C, glucose, insulin). Further gender subgroup analysis, showed that physical fitness (back strength, right shoulder flexibility, sit-and-reach, VO2max) significantly increased in males but body composition (weight, BMI, body fat mass) and lipid and glucose metabolism (TG, TC, LDL-C, glucose, insulin) parameters significantly decreased in both males and femals. However, BMI decreased more significantly in the female group than that of the male group, while sit-and-reach test results increased more significantly in the male group than that of the female group.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that the ten day aerobic exercise and vegetarian diet program is effective for improving physical fitness and lipid and glucose metabolism.


KEY WORDS: Diet, vegetarian - Body composition - Physical fitness

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