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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2017 May;176(5):229-36

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.16.03371-4

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Prevalence and risk factors of low back pain among undergraduate students in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Almir ATIKOVIĆ 1, Mitija S. PAVLETIČ 2, Sunčica D. KALINSKI 3, Jasmin BILALIĆ 1, Almir KURT 1

1 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tuzla, Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina; 2 Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, University of Primorska, Koper, Slovenia; 3 Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, Split, Croatia


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BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) of moderate intensity, has significant benefits for health. To our knowledge, no previous studies have examined the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in a Bosnia and Herzegovina. The goal of this study is to present the data on prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in young adults and its association with PA.
METHODS: Six months prevalence were assessed using questionnaire for grading pain, and graded back pain was determined using the Chronic Pain Scale (CPS). The CPS is a multidimensional measure that assesses 2 dimensions of overall chronic pain severity: pain intensity and pain-related disability. The study sample presented (N.=330) female students and (N.=213) male students.
RESULTS: 78.5% of all students suffered pains at some point over the past six months. Female students reported higher prevalence of LBP 82.4%, compared to the male students 72.3%. The average value of pain intesity in the past 6 months in women is 2.80 and 2.31 in men on a numerical scale from 0 to 10. Females had higher intensity and disability scores.
CONCLUSIONS: The key importance is the fact that the population of students needs to be offered such PA that will not include vigorous activities.


KEY WORDS: Exercise - Disabled persons - Public health - Students - Pain measurement

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