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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2017 March;176(3):75-84

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.16.03341-6


language: English

Combined plyometric and strength training improves repeated sprint ability and agility in young male basketball players

Rafael J., de FREITAS GUINA FACHINA 1, 2, Domingos S. MARTINS 3, Paulo C. MONTAGNER 1, João P. BORIN 1, Rodrigo L. VANCINI 4, Marília, dos SANTOS ANDRADE 5, Claudio A., BARBOSA de LIRA 6

1 Faculdade de Educação Física, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil; 2 Confederação Brasileira de Basketball (CBB), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 3 Escola Superior de Educação Física de Cruzeiro (ESEFIC), Cruzeiro, Brazil; 4 Centro de Educação Física e Desportos, Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, Brazil; 5 Departamento de Fisiologia, Universidade Federal de Säo Paulo (UNIFESP), Säo Paulo, Brazil; 6 Setor de Fisiologia Humana do Exercício, Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança, Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG), Goiânia, Brazil


BACKGROUND: Basketball practice requires producing maximal or near-maximal efforts, interspersed with brief recovery intervals, i.e. “repeated-sprint ability” (RSA). Therefore, the purposes of this study were to examine the effects of the inclusion of two weekly sessions of plyometric exercises replacing two sessions of conventional strength training, on repeated-sprint ability (RSA) and agility in young male basketball players, in addition to their basketball training routine.
METHODS: To achieve the goals of the present study forty-two athletes were randomly assigned to a control group (CG) or plyometric training group (PTG). The CG performed conventional strength training for eight weeks, three times per week on non-consecutive days. The PTG followed the same training protocol of the CG. However, two out of three sessions of conventional strength training were replaced by plyometric training. Absolute mean power, absolute maximum power, fatigue index, and total time were measured using the modified running-based anaerobic sprint test (modified RAST). The best time was determined using the modified T-test. Variables were compared before and after training intervention.
RESULTS: Although both groups showed a significant improvement in absolute mean power, absolute maximum power, total time and best time post-training, the intervention effect in the PTG proved higher, where the ANOVA test showed a significant interaction effect on outcomes. No improvement in fatigue index was observed in either of the groups.
CONCLUSIONS: In addition to conventional training methods, strength and conditioning professionals may consider incorporating plyometric training into overall conditioning programs of young athletes seeking to achieve a high level of RSA and agility.

KEY WORDS: Basketball - Athletes - Muscle strength

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