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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2014 April;173(4):229-32

Copyright © 2014 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Prenatal diagnosis of a cystic sacrococcygeal teratoma (type IV)

Mammoliti D. 1, Olivetti L. 2, Poggiani C. 3, Riccardi A. 1

1 Unit of Ginecology, Hospital of Cremona Cremona, Italy; 2 Unit of Radiology, Hospital of Cremona Cremona, Italy; 3 Unit of Pediatrics, Hospital of Cremona Cremona, Italy


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Sacrococcyeal teratoma (SCT) is the most common congenital neoplasms tumor and it is classified in four types; only a small number of tumors belongs to type IV. We report a case in which US and MRI together correctly made a prenatal diagnosis of a type 4 cystic SCT. Prenatal sonographic findings of cystic SCTs may at times be strikingly similar to those of menyngomieloceles and myelocystoceles. MRI clearly shows the relationship of the mass to sacrum and spinal cord; it delineates the extent of compression on pelvic and abdominal organs and demonstrates the internal structure of SCT better than sonography.

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