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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2000 October;159(5):183-7

Copyright © 2000 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: Italian

Knowledge about saliva through the centuries

Pistacchio E. 1, Disperati S. 2, Bisbini P. 1

1 Università degli Studi - Bologna, Dipartimento di Medicina e Sanità, Insegnamento di Storia della Medicina; 2 Igienista Dentale


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The aim of this research is to investigate the knowledge about saliva compounds through the centuries. Starting from Hippocrates and Galen and their books, we have reached the present time. We have proved that this knowledge is grown in the same way as technological evolution. We have analyzed only the physiological compoud of saliva: we have not considered the products of bacterial metabolism. In this work we present the results of our investigation since the XVIII Century. Galen’s teaching stayed for nine centuries; we had to wait the Arabian School and Avicenna to have something new. Another step forward is due to the main scientific schools of XVII Century: Iatrochemistry, iatrophysics. In this century a revolutionary invention has upset all the scientific world: the microscope. Saliva does not escape this new way of investigation.

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