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MINERVA GASTROENTEROLOGICA E DIETOLOGICA

A Journal on Gastroenterology, Nutrition and Dietetics


Indexed/Abstracted in: CAB, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Emerging Sources Citation Index


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REVIEW  GUT MICROBIOTA AND GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, LIVER AND PANCREAS: FROM PHYSIOLOGY TO PATHOLOGY


Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica 2017 December;63(4):329-36

DOI: 10.23736/S1121-421X.17.02405-9

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The gut microbiota: its anatomy and physiology over a lifetime

Giulia GIBIINO , Gianluca IANIRO, Giovanni CAMMAROTA, Antonio GASBARRINI

Department of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, A. Gemelli Hospital, Sacro Cuore Catholic University, Rome, Italy


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The wide assemblage of microorganisms inhabiting our gastrointestinal tract is an attractive field for overwhelming contemporary research in several aspects of the human health. Most recent molecular techniques, as the use of rRNAs or whole genome sequencing, definitely overcame traditional culture techniques in giving outline of the intestinal bacterial richness. Moreover, the crosstalk between host and intestinal microbes is considered a cornerstone affecting the host’s metabolism, immunity, autoimmunity and autoinflammation and elaborate networks linked to several organs. The aim of this review is to summarize the broad spectrum of available pieces of information in this setting and to assess the current knowledge of the intestinal microbiota anatomy and physiology, in the perspective of future therapies modulating the gut microbial balance.


KEY WORDS: Microbiota - Gastrointestinal microbiome - Irritable bowel syndrome - Immune system - Metabolic syndrome X

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Publication History

Issue published online: September 18, 2017
Article first published online: April 4, 2017

Cite this article as

Gibiino G, Ianiro G, Cammarota G, Gasbarrini A. The gut microbiota: its anatomy and physiology over a lifetime. Minerva Gastroenterol Dietol 2017;63:329-36. DOI: 10.23736/S1121-421X.17.02405-9

Corresponding author e-mail

giulia.gibiino@gmail.com