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CASE REPORTS  AN UPDATE ON EUS IN 2008 

Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica 2008 June;54(2):225-8

Copyright © 2008 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Jejunal perforation secondary to metastatic sarcomatoid carcinoma of the lung

Baldassarre E. 1, Maggi P. 2, Ramieri M. T. 3, Torino G. 2, Graziano P. 4, Barone M. 1, Siani A. 2

1 Division of Urology, Regional Hospital Aosta, Italy 2 Dept. of Surgery, San Pietro Hospital - Fatebenefratelli, Rome, Italy 3 Dept. of Pathology, San Pietro Hospital - Fatebenefratelli, Rome, Italy 4 Division of Pathology, Forlanini Hospital Rome, Italy


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The Authors present the third case of small-bowel perforation of a metastatic sarcomatoid carcinoma of the lung. A 62-year-old man underwent a right upper lobectomy because of a lung tumour infiltrating the posterior thoracic wall. The histology showed pleomorphic subtype of a sarcomatoid carcinoma (pT3 pN0 cM0). The postoperative course was uneventful and thus the patient received 5 000 cGY over five weeks. After 5 months the patient was admitted to the Surgical Department for acute abdomen. At laparotomy an advanced fibrinous, bile-stained peritonitis secondary to a solitary perforation of the jejunum 50 cm distal to the Treitz were observed. The microscopical examination showed that the perforated mass consisted of infiltration of dischoesive malignant giant cells, highly pleomorphic multi and mononucleated. The immunohistochemistry, performed with multiple keratin antibodies, revealed epithelial differentiation of malignant cells, compatible with a metastatic carcinoma, consistent to the lung primary. In conclusion, according with literature, the small-bowel perforation is a rare presentation of a metastatic lung carcinoma, and particularly of a sarcomatoid carcinoma. It should be considered in differential diagnosis of patients with acute abdominal symptoms especially in those with a previous treated lung cancer. The surgeons should be aware of the poor outcome of these patients and choose a palliative treatment.

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