Home > Journals > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine > Past Issues > Articles online first > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2017 Apr 04

CURRENT ISSUE
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Reprints
Cite this article as

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,827


eTOC

 

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2017 Apr 04

DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.17.04667-6

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Sonographic guide for botulinum toxin injections of the lower limb: euro-musculus/USPRM spasticity approach

Bayram KAYMAK 1, Murat KARA 1, Fatih TOK 2, Ulaşlı AM 3, Öztürk GT 3, Ke-Vin CHANG 4, 5, Ming-Yen HSIAO 4, Chen-Yu HUNG 5, Arzu Y. ON 6, Levent ÖZÇAKAR 1

1 Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey; 2 Gaziler Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey;3 Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey; 4 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, and College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; 5 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital and Community and Geriatric Research Center, Bei-Hu Branch, Taipei, Taiwan; 6 Ege University Medical School, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, İzmir, Turkey


PDF  


The pertinent literature lacks overt technical data for optimal lower limb muscle botulinum toxin injections using ultrasound (US) imaging. Therefore, this guide is prepared for the commonly injected muscles of the lower limb and the pelvic girdle mainly in spasticity. It includes clinical information, anatomical description and explanation regarding the ultrasound imaging of several muscles. The figures have been organized to orient the readers on the innervation zones, injection sites, probe positionings and the US images simultaneously.


KEY WORDS: Lower limb - Spasticity - Innervation zone - Ultrasound - Botulinum toxin

top of page

Publication History

Cite this article as

Kaymak B, Kara M, Tok F, Am U, Gt Ö, Chang KV, et al. Sonographic guide for botulinum toxin injections of the lower limb: euro-musculus/USPRM spasticity approach. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2017 Apr 04. DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.17.04667-6 

Corresponding author e-mail

mkaraftr@yahoo.com