Home > Journals > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine > Past Issues > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2023 October;59(5) > European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2023 October;59(5):615-27



Publishing options
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian


Publication history
Cite this article as


SYSTEMATIC REVIEW   Open accessopen access

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2023 October;59(5):615-27

DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.23.07890-5

Copyright © 2023 THE AUTHORS

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license which allows users to copy and distribute the manuscript, as long as this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the manuscript if it is changed or edited in any way, and as long as the user gives appropriate credits to the original author(s) and the source (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI) and provides a link to the license.

language: English

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set for deafblindness. Part I: a systematic review of outcome measures

Abinethaa PARAMASIVAM 1, Atul JAISWAL 1 , Shreya BUDHIRAJA 1, Peter HOLZHEY 1, Praveena SANTHAKUMARAN 1, Tosin OGEDENGBE 1, Jana MARTIN 1, Supriya DAS 1, Samuel CÔTÉ 1, Romina HASSID 1, Tyler G. JAMES 2, Beth KENNEDY 3, Diana TANG 4, Yvvone TRAN 4, Heather COLSON-OSBORNE 5, Muriel LI CHEN CHE 6, Renu MINHAS 7, Sarah GRANBERG 8, Walter WITTICH 1

1 Wittich Vision Impairment Research Lab, School of Optometry, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada; 2 Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 3 Central Michigan University, Mt Pleasant, MI, USA; 4 Faculty of Medicine, Health and Human Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia; 5 Anne Sullivan Foundation, Stillorgan, Ireland; 6 CRESAM National Center of Rare Disabilities and Deafblindness, Saint Benoit, France; 7 DeafBlind Ontario Services, Newmarket, ON, Canada; 8 Örebro University, School of Health Sciences, Örebro, Sweden

INTRODUCTION: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), developed by the World Health Organization, is a classification framework that focuses on the health and functioning of people with disabilities. As part of an ICF Core Set development, four studies need to be conducted, one of which is a systematic review. This study presents part 1 of the systematic review that aims to describe the outcome measures identified in the literature related to functioning in individuals with deafblindness.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The research team screened articles from eight scientific databases, three journals, and Google Scholar (March 2011 to September 2022). Articles were included if they studied individuals with deafblindness aged 18 and older. Studies that examined genetics or laboratory experiments involving animals were excluded. Data were extracted into a logbook with key descriptors such as study location and design, age of study population, and instruments/outcome measures used, which were further categorized into one of the following types: 1) standardized; 2) patient-reported measures, standardized (PT-S); 3) patient-reported measures, not standardized (PT-not S); 4) health professional, reported measures, standardized (HP-S); 5) Technical measures; 6) other measures (parent-reported standardized and laboratory measures).
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The review included 147 studies, of which most were conducted in Europe (47.6%) and North America (27.9%). Of the 314 identified outcome measures, 57 were Standardized, 59 were Patient Reported-Standardized (PT-S), 178 were patient reported non-standardized (PT-Not S) variables, 11 were health professional reported, standardized, five were technical, and four were classified as other measures.
CONCLUSIONS: Most instruments measured functioning in daily activities and the mental health of individuals with deafblindness. Three deafblind-specific instruments were identified in this study, highlighting the need for more deafblind-specific instruments to be developed and utilized in research.

KEY WORDS: International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health; Deaf-blind disorders; Hearing disorders; Vision disorders; Disability evaluation; Rehabilitation

top of page