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SYSTEMATIC REVIEW   Freefree

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2021 April;57(2):238-45

DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.21.06625-9

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Systematic review of guidelines to identify recommendations for upper limb robotic rehabilitation after stroke

Giovanni MORONE 1 , Angela PALOMBA 2, Alex MARTINO CINNERA 1, Michela AGOSTINI 3, Irene APRILE 4, Chiara ARIENTI 5, Matteo PACI 6, Emanuela CASANOVA 7, Dario MARINO 8, Giuseppe LA ROSA 9, Federica BRESSI 10, Silvia STERZI 10, Marialuisa GANDOLFI 11, Daniele GIANSANTI 12, Luca PERRERO 13, Alberto BATTISTINI 14, Sandra MICCINILLI 10, Serena FILONI 15, Monica SICARI 16, Salvatore PETROZZINO 16, Claudio Marcello SOLARO 17, Stefano GARGANO 18, Paolo BENANTI 19, Paolo BOLDRINI 20, Donatella BONAIUTI 21, Enrico CASTELLI 22, Francesco DRAICCHIO 23, Vincenzo FALABELLA 24, Silvia GALERI 5, Francesca GIMIGLIANO 25, Mauro GRIGIONI 12, Stefano MAZZOLENI 26, Stefano MAZZON 27, Franco MOLTENI 28, Maurizio PETRARCA 29, Alessandro PICELLI 11, Federico POSTERARO 30, Michele SENATORE 31, Giuseppe TURCHETTI 32, Sofia STRAUDI 33, on behalf of “CICERONE” Italian Consensus Conference on Robotic in Neurorehabilitation 

1 IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy; 2 Multidisciplinary Department of Medicine for Surgery and Orthodontics, Luigi Vanvitelli University of Campania, Naples, Italy; 3 IRCCS San Camillo, Venice, Italy; 4 IRCCS Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Florence, Italy; 5 IRCCS Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, Italy; 6 AUSL District of Central Tuscany, Florence, Italy; 7 Unit of Rehabilitation and Neurorehabilitation Medicine, IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche, Bologna, Italy; 8 IRCCS Neurolysis Center “Bonino Pulejo,” Messina, Italy; 9 Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy; 10 Biomedical Campus University Foundation, Rome, Italy; 11 Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; 12 National Center for Innovative Technologies in Public Health, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy; 13 Unit of Neurorehabilitation, SS. Antonio e Biagio e Cesare Arrigo University Hospital, Alessandria, Italy; 14 IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna, Bologna, Italy; 15 Padre Pio Foundation and Rehabilitation Centers, San Giovanni Rotondo, Foggia, Italy; 16 Città della Salute e della Scienza, Turin, Italy; 17 CRRF Mons. Luigi Novarese, Moncrivello, Vercelli, Italy; 18 Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Turin, Italy; 19 Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, Italy; 20 Società Italiana di Medicina Fisica e Riabilitativa (SIMFER), Rome, Italy; 21 Piero Redaelli Geriatric Institute, Milan, Italy; 22 Unit of Pediatric Neurorehabilitation, Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital, Rome, Italy; 23 Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Epidemiology and Hygiene, INAIL, Monte Porzio Catone, Rome, Italy; 24 Italian Federation of Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries (Faip Onlus), Rome, Italy; 25 Department of Mental and Physical Health and Preventive Medicine, Luigi Vanvitelli University of Campania, Naples, Italy; 26 Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy; 27 AULSS6 Euganea Padova - Distretto 4, Padua, Italy; 28 Villa Beretta, Costa Masnaga, Lecco, Italy; 29 The Movement Analysis and Robotics Laboratory, Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital, Rome, Italy; 30 Versilia Hospital, AUSL Toscana Nord Ovest, Italy; 31 AITO (Associazione Italiana Terapisti Occupazionali), Rome, Italy; 32 Management Institute, Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy; 33 Department of Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Ferrara University Hospital, Ferrara, Italy



INTRODUCTION: Upper limb motor impairment is one of the most frequent stroke consequences. Robot therapy may represent a valid option for upper limb stroke rehabilitation, but there are still gaps between research evidence and their use in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to determine the quality, scope, and consistency of guidelines clinical practice recommendations for upper limb robotic rehabilitation in stroke populations.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We searched for guideline recommendations on stroke published between January 1st, 2010 and January 1st, 2020. Only the most recent guidelines for writing group were selected. Electronic databases (N.=4), guideline repertories and professional rehabilitation networks (N.=12) were searched. We systematically reviewed and assessed guidelines containing recommendation statements about upper limb robotic rehabilitation for adults with stroke (PROSPERO registration number: CRD42020173386).
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Four independent reviewers used the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument, and textual syntheses were used to appraise and compare recommendations. From 1324 papers that were screened, eight eligible guidelines were identified from six different regions/countries. Half of the included guidelines focused on stroke management, the other half on stroke rehabilitation. Rehabilitation assisted by robotic devices is generally recommended to improve upper limb motor function and strength. The exact characteristics of patients who could benefit from this treatment as well as the correct timing to use it are not known.
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review has identified many opportunities to modernize and otherwise improve stroke patients’ upper limb robotic therapy. Rehabilitation assisted by robot or electromechanical devices for stroke needs to be improved in clinical practice guidelines in particular in terms of applicability.


KEY WORDS: Rehabilitation; Robotic surgical procedures; Upper extremity; Stroke; Guideline

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