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EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE

A Journal on Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation after Pathological Events


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (SIMFER), European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), European Union of Medical Specialists - Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section (UEMS-PRM), Mediterranean Forum of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (MFPRM), Hellenic Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (EEFIAP)
In association with International Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ISPRM)
Indexed/Abstracted in: CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
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BACKGROUND OF PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE  WHITE BOOK ON PHYSICAL AND REHABILITATION MEDICINE IN EUROPEFREEfree


European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2018 April;54(2):156-65

DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.18.05144-4

Copyright © 2018 AUTHORS

language: English

White Book on Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe. Chapter 1. Definitions and concepts of PRM

European Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Bodies Alliance 


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In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper deals with the definitions and concepts relevant for PRM. Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine is the primary medical specialty responsible for the prevention, medical diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation management of persons of all ages with disabling health conditions and their co-morbidities, specifically addressing their impairments and activity limitations in order to facilitate their physical and cognitive functioning (including behavior), participation (including quality of life) and modifying personal and environmental factors. To arrive to this PRM definition we need to consider a conceptual description of it. Several fundamental aspects must be observed namely functioning, disability and rehabilitation. These definitions include and are presented in this chapter: - Functioning: all that human bodies do and the actions that people perform. In the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), functioning is operationalized in terms of functioning domains, and these domains are partitioned into the dimensions of Body Functions and Structures, Activities and Participation; - Disability: the problem a person has performing the actions that he or she needs and wants to do, because of how an underlying health condition - a disease, injury or even ageing - affects his or her performance in his or her actual environment; - Rehabilitation: a set of measures that assist individuals, who experience or are likely to experience disability, to achieve and maintain optimum functioning in interaction with their environments. The ICF definition of disability clearly distinguishes between problems that result entirely from the underlying health condition (capacity) from problems arising from the interaction between capacity and the environment and personal factors (performance). This paper approaches all these concepts that are essential to the understanding of the PRM strategy to evaluate disability and implement interventions that may lead to the improvement of functioning and health.


KEY WORDS: Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Europe - Disability - Functioning - Rehabilitation

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Issue published online: March 22, 2018

Cite this article as

European Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Bodies Alliance. White Book on Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe. Chapter 1. Definitions and concepts of PRM. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2018;54:156-65. DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.18.05144-4

European Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Bodies Alliance

European Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine (EARM); European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM); European Union of Medical Specialists PRM section (UEMS-PRM section); European College of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ECPRM) - served by the UEMS-PRM Board; Editors: Pedro CANTISTA; Maria Gabriella CERAVOLO; Nicolas CHRISTODOULOU; Alain DELARQUE; Christoph GUTENBRUNNER; Carlotte KIEKENS; Saša MOSLAVAC; Enrique VARELA-DONOSO; Anthony B. WARD; Mauro ZAMPOLINI; Stefano NEGRINI; Contributors: Jerome BICKENBACH; Juan Carlos MIANGOLLARA; António PINTO CAMELO; Daiana POPA; Francisco SAMPAIO; Pedro SOARES BRANCO; Gerold STUCKI

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