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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2015 April;51(2):143-8

Copyright © 2015 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effects of whole body cryo-chamber therapy on pain in patients with chronic low back pain: a prospective double blind randomised controlled trial

Nugraha B. 1, Günther J. T. 2, Rawert H. 2, Siegert R. 3, Gutenbrunner C. 1

1 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany; 2 Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Medicine and Pain Therapy, Klinikum Bremen‑Ost GmbH, Bremen, Germany; 3 Institute of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Klinikum Bremen‑Ost GmbH, Bremen, Germany


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BACKGROUND: It is believed that treatment with low temperature can reduce pain perception in chronic pain patients, including chronic low back pain patients.
AIM: To evaluate the effects of a two-week repeated intervention of -67 °C cryo-chamber in patients with chronic low back pain.
DESIGN: A prospective randomized double blind study design.
SETTING: Hospital-based outpatients department
POPULATION: Outpatients with chronic low back pain.
METHODS: Comparing intervention group (-67 °C) with higher temperature (-5 °C) which was supposed as a control group in a cryo-chamber.
RESULTS: Similar effectiveness in pain reduction in both intervention and control groups
CONCLUSION: Cryochamber therapy with -67 °C is not superior to (sham cryo chamber) with -5 °C.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Cryo chambers therapy show positive effect by improving pain. For the treatment, -5 °C seems to be sufficient for these patients.

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