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REVIEWS  HIP FRACTURE IN OLDER PEOPLE: A REHABILITATION PERSPECTIVE Freefree

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2011 June;47(2):257-64

Copyright © 2011 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Factors affecting functional prognosis of patients with hip fracture

Kristensen M. T.

Department of Physiotherapy and Orthopaedic Surgery, Hvidovre University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark


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Having a hip fracture is considered one of the most fatal fractures for elderly people, resulting in impaired function, and increased morbidity and mortality. This challenges clinicians in identifying patients at risk of worse outcome, in order to optimise and intensify treatment in these patients. A variety of factors such as age, prefracture function and health status, fracture type, pain, anaemia, muscle strength, and the early mobility level have been shown to influence patient outcome. Thus, the outcome of patients with hip fracture is considered multi-factorial, and can therefore not be related to just one or two single factors. The current article reviews important factors affecting the functional prognosis, and clinicians are encouraged to include all factors potentially influencing the outcome of patients with hip fracture in their individualised treatment and rehabilitation plan. Especially, older age and having a low prefracture functional level are considered strong factors.

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