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  RETURN TO DRIVING AFTER TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY - Part I
Guest Editors: Bruno Gradenigo, Anna Mazzucchi
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Europa Medicophysica 2001 December;37(4):245-55

Copyright © 2009 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Traffic psychology test battery: preliminary normative data for Italian population compared with traumatic brain injured skills

Martelli S., Mazzucchi A.

From the Centro Cardinal Ferrari, Fontanellato (Parma)


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Background. The abil­ity to ­drive a ­car rep­re­sents ­today an essen­tial com­po­nent of inde­pen­dent ­life. Standardised meth­ods ­for judg­ing ­car driv­ing abil­ities ­are lack­ing.
Methods. The ­present ­research ­would con­trib­ute to ­obtain stan­dar­dised meth­ods to eval­u­ate ­the ­car driv­ing abil­ities ­after ­TBI in Italy, sub­mit­ting a ref­er­ence ­group of 38 nor­mal sub­jects ­and a ­group of 31 ­TBI to 8 ­tasks includ­ed in ­the Traffic Psychology Vienna Test Battery.
Results. The ­scores ­obtained by ­the Italian nor­mal sam­ple ­respect to ­the Austrian nor­mal sam­ple ­are ­not sig­nif­i­cant­ly dif­fer­ent in 11 ­out of ­the 14 con­sid­ered param­e­ters. The select­ed 8 ­tasks (14 param­e­ters), ­part of ­the ­VTS, ­seem ­very sen­si­tive in ­detect dif­fer­enc­es ­between ­the Italian nor­mal ­matched sub­jects ­and ­the ­TBI Italian sub­jects. The pre­lim­i­nary com­par­i­son of ­scores ­obtained by ­two ­TBI sub­groups (Driving vs Not-Driving) ­shows ­very ­small dif­fer­enc­es ­and sug­gests ­the legit­i­ma­cy of ­doubts report­ed by dif­fer­ent authors in lit­er­a­ture ­about ­the neces­sity to sub­mit ­TBI sub­jects to an exhaus­tive assess­ment ­BEFORE ­return to driv­ing.
Conclusions. The ­next ­research ­step ­would be rep­re­sent­ed by ­the assess­ment of ­real ­drive ­skills on ­road of ­the ­same ­group of ­TBI sub­jects apply­ing an obser­va­tion in ­vivo ­made by a driv­ing instruc­tor to ver­i­fy ­the reli­abil­ity of ­the ­VTS select­ed ­tasks in dis­crim­i­nat­ing ­bad ­and ­good driv­ers.

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