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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2020 Jun 15

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.20.06684-5

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Apremilast for psoriasis treatment

Jose-Manuel CARRASCOSA 1 , Elena DEL-ALCAZAR

Dermatology Department, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol. Universitat Autònoma of Barcelona, Badalona, Spain


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Apremilast is a small-molecule inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 4 with an intracellular mechanism of action that increases levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) indicated for the oral treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis and for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis. Efficacy of apremilast in moderate-to-severe psoriasis has been demonstrated in the pivotal trials, with a 30% PASI-75 response rate at week 16, an efficacy that was maintained through week 52. Apremilast also achieved significant responses in disease involving specific sites, such as palmoplantar, nail and scalp psoriasis, improved patient quality of life, and achieved rapid improvements in pruritus. The findings of some of the real world series indicate that the PASI-75 response may be higher in patients with a lower baseline PASI than that observed in the pivotal trials, enhancing the importance of using the absolute PASI score as a marker of therapeutic success rather than a relative PASI index in this setting. Apremilast has demonstrated good safety and tolerability in both clinical trials and clinical practice series. The most frequent adverse effects were diarrhoea (17.3%), nausea (15.7%), upper respiratory tract infections (15.5%), nasopharyngitis (14.4%), tension headache (9.0%) and headache (6.3%). The rate of adverse events recorded in the clinical practice series has been lower compared to the clinical trials.


KEY WORDS: Apremilast, Psoriasis; Therapy; Oral; Moderate-to-severe; Small molecule

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