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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA

A Journal on Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2017 Sep 08

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.17.05672-3

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Knowledge, attitudes, and sun-safety practices among agricultural workers in the Autonomous Province of Trento, North-Eastern Italy (2016)

Matteo RICCÒ 1, 2 , Benedetta RAZIO 3, Leonardo POLETTI 3, Claudio PANATO 3

1 Provincial Agency for Health Services (APSS) of the Autonomous Province of Trento, Department of Prevention, Operative Unit for Health and Safety in the Workplaces, Trento, Italy; 2 Local Health Unit of Reggio Emilia, Regional Health Service of Emilia Romagna, Department of Public Health, Service for Health and Safety in the Workplace, Reggio Emilia, Italy; 3 University of Trento, First cycle degree in Environment and Workplace Prevention Techniques, Trento, Italy


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BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine evaluate sun safety knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) among agricultural workers (AWs) in the Autonomous Province of Trento (North-Eastern Italy).
METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed among AWs who attended pesticide training courses (2016). Participants received a structured questionnaire focusing on KAP towards sun protective behaviours. Synthetic scores for knowledge (GKS), risk perception (RPS), behavioural adaptation and use of personal protective equipment (SPPS) were calculated. Regression analysis was modelled in order to assess GKS, RPS and individual factors as predictors of SPPS.
RESULTS: The sample included 204 AWs (89.7% males, 10.3% females, mean age 43.9 ± 15.9 years). Sun protective behaviours were irregularly referred by participants, in particular receiving medical skin assessment by a dermatologist (33.8%), avoiding sun radiations at noon and taking rest breaks in shady areas (30.9%), and wearing sunscreen (13.3%). GKS was correlated with RPS, and RPS was characterized as a significant predictor of SPPS (B = .307; 95%CI .224 - .389, P < .001), alongside increased seniority (B = 4.957: 95%CI 3.064 - 6.851, P < 0.001) and previous history of sunburns (B = 5.829; 95%CI 1.520 - 10.139, P = .008).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that AWs are not appropriately aware of the risks associated with occupational exposure to solar radiation, and eventually report inadequate skin cancer prevention practices. Since SPPS found significant predictors in individual factors, tailored interventions and training may contribute to fill knowledge gaps and raise the concerns of AWs towards occupational dermatological disorders.


KEY WORDS: Solar radiation - Ultraviolet radiation - Agricultural workers - Knowledge, attitudes and practices - Personal protective equipment

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Publication History

Article first published online: September 8, 2017
Manuscript accepted: August 31, 2017
Manuscript revised: July 25, 2017
Manuscript received: April 27, 2017

Cite this article as

Riccò M, Razio B, Poletti L, Panato C. Knowledge, attitudes, and sun-safety practices among agricultural workers in the Autonomous Province of Trento, North-Eastern Italy (2016). G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2017 Sep 08. DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.17.05672-3

Corresponding author e-mail

matteo.ricco@ausl.re.it