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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2018 June;153(3):419-28

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.17.05844-8

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Contact allergy: an update

Suzana LJUBOJEVIĆ HADŽAVDIĆ 1 , Nives PUSTIŠEK 2, Kristina ŽUŽUL 3, Alen ŠVIGIR 4

1 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, University Hospital Center Zagreb, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia; 2 Department of Dermatology, Children’s Hospital Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia; 3 Private Dermatovenereology Clinic “Dr Nada Videnić”, Karlovac, Croatia; 4 Department of Pulmonology, Allergology, Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Children’s Hospital Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia


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Contact allergies are common cause of eczema in all age groups and are one of the most common causes of occupational disability. Contact dermatitis (CD) can be divided into irritant and allergic contact dermatitis. Distinguishing between irritant and allergic triggers of CD by clinical and histologic examinations can be challenging. The approach to patients with CD should consist of a detailed (work and leisure) history, skin examination, patch tests with allergens based on history, physical examination, education on materials that contain the allergen and adequate therapy and prevention.


KEY WORDS: Dermatitis, allergic contact - Patch tests - Therapeutics - Disease management

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