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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2013 December;148(6):563-72


language: English

Dermatophytosis in animals: epidemiological, clinical and zoonotic aspects

Moretti A. 1, Agnetti F. 2, Mancianti F. 3, Nardoni S. 3, Righi C. 2, Moretta I. 1, Morganti G. 1, Papini M. 4

1 Department of Biopathological Science and Animal and Alimentary Production Hygiene University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 2 Department of General Diagnostic and Animal Welfare Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Umbria e delle Marche, Perugia, Italy; 3 Section of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases Departemnt of Veterinary Science, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; 4 Dermatological Unit of Terni, Department of Medical-Surgical Specialties, University of Perugia, Terni, Italy


Aim: Dermatophytosis are the most frequent fungal infections of pets and livestock and play an important role in animal and human health due to their zoonotic potential. Another important aspect of these infections is linked to the economic consequences in farm animal and fur production systems. An overview of dermatophytosis in animals is described in this paper. Epidemiological, clinical and zoonotic aspects are addressed, considering individual species, both pets and farmed animals.
Methods: In particular, most recent investigations in the field of animal mycology, carried out in Central Italy, are reported, with particular reference to rabbit, ruminants, horse, dog, cat and some wild species.
Results: The information in this article show how dermatophytes infect a wide range of animals which may be in contact with human beings either directly or indirectly. Consequently they are frequently a source of infection for human beings who, vice versa, may sometimes become contagious for animals.
Conclusion: Fungal pathogens derive their power to spread from contamination of the animal’s habitat – whether the animal is a conventional pet or not, a farm animal or living in the wild. Thus if treatment of the animal or human patient is to achieve optimal efficacy, it needs to be associated with adequate environmental measures.

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