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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2012 February;147(1):83-90

Copyright © 2012 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Dermatology Life Quality Index score in vitiligo patients: a pilot study among young Italian males

Ingordo V. 1, Cazzaniga S. 4, Gentile C. 2, Iannazzone S. S. 3, Cusano F. 3, Naldi L. 4

1 Department of Italian Navy Health, Taranto, Italy; 2 Medical Unit, Recruitment and Drilling Centre of the Italian Navy, Taranto, Italy; 3 Department of Dermatology, “G. Rummo” Hospital, Benevento, Italy; 4 Centro Studi GISED, Research Foundation, Ospedale Maggiore, Bergamo, Italy


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AIM: A negative impact on vitiligo patients in terms of quality of life (QoL) has been suggested. The aim of this report was to study the QoL in a sample of Italian vitiligo patients by using the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) questionnaire.
METHODS:A sample of forty seven vitiligo subjects, identified among 34,740 potential conscripts resident in southern Italy underwent the Italian version of the DLQI questionnaire.
RESULTS:The median total DLQI score was 1 (IQR: 2; mean: 1.82). In univariate analysis, DLQI total score was significantly influenced by the clinical course of vitiligo, disease extension over the body, and location on face and/or hands. Multivariate analysis using logistic stepwise regression showed that only the localization on the hands and on the face influenced significantly the mean DLQI.
CONCLUSION: Our study conducted on a random sample of individuals affected by vitiligo selected from the general young male population in Italy, does not document a large impact of vitiligo on QoL. However, variations exist and the location of lesions on the face and/or hands may impact on QoL. Population-based studies are not affected by selection biases connected with seeking medical care and should be more widely performed.

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