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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2010 December;145(6):783-8

Copyright © 2010 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Common variable immunodeficiency in vitiligo

Arunachalam M., Sanzo M., Lotti T., Colucci R., Berti S., Moretti S.

Division of Clinical, Preventive and Oncologic Dermatology, Department of Critical Care Medicine and Surgery, University of Florence, Florence Italy


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Three cases of adult, non-segmental vitiligo patients in which primary, common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) was present are described. In two of the three cases, psoriasis was also present. Onset of CVID was diagnosed before vitiligo in two patients, and subsequent to the onset of vitiligo in the remaining patient. A family history of CVID was negative in all three cases. In contrast, a family history of vitiligo was present in two cases and a family history of psoriasis was present in one case. In regards to vitiligo, disease onset was gradual, with active disease in two cases, while the third case had an abrupt disease onset with borderline activity during clinical presentation. Cutaneous disease extension ranged from 2% to 12.3% in the three cases. Upon physical exam, Koebner phenomenon and signs of inflammation, such as pruritus were present in two patients; one of whom had scalp leukotrikia as well. Stress was a triggering factor in the development of vitiligo in two cases. The presence of CVID due to drugs or diseases known to cause secondary antibody deficiency were excluded in all three patients. Lastly, all patients were under treatment with immunoglobulin replacement therapy, which did not change the outcourse of vitiligo.

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