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Medicina e Chirurgia della Caviglia e del Piede 2019 August;43(2):35-40

DOI: 10.23736/S2284-2993.19.01799-0

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: Italian

Anatomical studies on ankle and foot by Leonardo da Vinci 500 years after his dead

Pietro BARDELLI , Marco BARDELLI

Società Interdisciplinare Piede e Postura, Clinic of Orthopedics (CTO), University of Florence, Florence, Italy



Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), world-renowned Renaissance master, is known for his contributions to, and broad interests in science and art. The objective of this work is to demonstrate the extent of his science by applying the use of his concepts to current models of foot and ankle mechanics. The art and science of Leonardo da Vinci wears extensively analyzed by reviewing his original drawings and handwritten notebooks. Current medical journals including the topics of foot, ankle and biomechanics reviewed for modern evidence and application of his concepts. From the depths of Santa Maria Nuova Hospital in Florence and Santo Spirito Hospital in Rome, through his commentary and anatomical drawings of around 30 cadaver dissections he performed, Leonardo da Vinci expressed his concept of foot and ankle anatomy and mechanics. He laid forth concepts, which vary little from current theories including those of proportion, statics and joint stability, sesamoid biomechanics, and structural support of the foot. Leonardo da Vinci, by combining an interest in anatomy and a gift of genius and artistic ability laid a foundation of foot and ankle anatomy and mechanics that have been applied in modern clinical sciences. Leonardo in this way made important contributions to the practice of foot and ankle orthopedics.


KEY WORDS: Anatomy; Foot joints; Ankle joint; Artistic anatomy

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