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Chirurgia Del Piede 2008 April;32(1):5-10

Copyright © 2008 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: Italian

Alterations of the arcus plantaris in the constitutional skeletal diseases

Canepa G. 1, Franchin F. 2, Stella M. 2, Formica M. 2

1 Ospedale L. Mandic di Merate (Lecco) 2 Clinica Ortopedica Università degli Studi di Genova, Genova


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In the constitutional skeletal diseases, alterations of the arcus plantaris are found with a rate of 1:10; there is a clear prevalence of the piattism on the cavism. In the congenital flatfoot, muscular hypotonia and ligamental laxity are involved in the pathogenic mechanism; less frequent is the involvement of osseous malformations and dysplasies.; in cavism, pathogenesis results from various factors (plantar aponeurosis retraction, resorption of the tarsal skeleton, neurogenic arthropathies).

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