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A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery

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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2018 Feb 08

DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.18.10145-5


language: English

Endovascular treatment of para-anastomotic aneurysms after open abdominal aortic surgery

Konstantinos SPANOS 1 , Tilo KÖLBEL 1, George KOUVELOS 2, Nikolaos TSILIMPARIS 1, Sebastian E. DEBUS 1, Athanasios D. GIANNOUKAS 2

1 German Aortic Center Hamburg, Department of Vascular Medicine, University Heart Center, Hamburg, Germany; 2 Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital of Larissa, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece


INTRODUCTION: The repair of long-term complications of open abdominal aortic repair such as para-anastomotic aneurysm (PAA) and pseudoaneurysm (PSA) is very challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of endovascular repair of PAA/PSA after previous open aortic surgery for aneurismal or occlusive disease.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was undertaken; a search was performed (PRISMA) in MEDLINE, CENTRAL, Cochrane databases and key references of all studies of endovascular treatment of PAA/PSA after open aortic surgery.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Eighteen studies included totally 433 patients (86.3% males) with mean age of 71±2.5 years were identified. Most of the patients were asymptomatic (76%) and diagnosed with PAA (60.5%), while 81.6% had history of open aortic reconstruction for aneurismal disease. The mean diameter of para- anastomotic aneurysms was 59.7mm (from 23mm to 110mm) and the mean duration until their diagnosis was 10±2 years. Standard bifurcated (23.7%), fenestrated (23.4%) and aorto-uniiliac stentgrafts (16.3%) were mostly used. The technical success rate was 97.8% (391/400) with 1.4% (6/433) 30 day-mortality rate and mean hospital stay of 6±3 days. The mean 1- and 2- year survival rate was 87.8% and 78.8%, respectively. The follow up ranged from 9 to 43 months, with presenting complications such as Endoleak type I (24/378; 6.3%), type II (15/354; 4.3%), type III (3/378;0.8%), migration (4/378; 1%) and limb occlusion (5/310;1.6%). Additionally, 5.7% (19/332) of the patients underwent open conversion, while the total re- intervention rate was 11.4% (39/340; time of re-intervention ranged from 7 to 30 months). In cases in which a stent was used for splanchnic vessels (renal artery: 188, superior mesenteric artery: 98, celiac artery: 64), the primary patency rate was 97.4% (341/350).
CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment of PAAs and PSAs after previous open aortic surgery is a feasible and efficient option with high technical success rate, low 30-day mortality and good mid-term outcomes.

KEY WORDS: Abdominal aortic aneurysm - Aortic occlusive disease - Para-anastomotic aneurysm - Pseudoaneurysm - Endovascular repair

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Publication History

Article first published online: February 08, 2018
Manuscript accepted: January 30, 2018
Manuscript revised: December 14, 2017
Manuscript received: August 2, 2017

Cite this article as

Spanos K, Kölbel T, Kouvelos G, Tsilimparis N, E Debus S, Giannoukas AD. Endovascular treatment of para-anastomotic aneurysms after open abdominal aortic surgery. J Cardiovasc Surg 2018 Feb 08. DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.18.10145-5

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