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THE JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY

A Journal on Cardiac, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery


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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2017 Feb 09

DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.17.09742-7

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Carotid endarterectomy has significantly lower risk in the last two decades: should the guidelines now be updated?

Djordje RADAK 1, 2, Djurre, de WAARD 3, 4, Alison HALLIDAY 4, 5, Mihailo NESKOVIC 1, Slobodan TANASKOVIC 1, 2

1 Vascular Surgery Clinic, “Dedinje” Cardiovascular Institute, Belgrade, Serbia; 2 Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia; 3 Department of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; 4 Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK; 5 Clinical Trial Service Unit (CTSU), Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Oxford, UK


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Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) carries a significant risk of procedural stroke and death Guidelines recommend keeping this risk below 6% and below 3% for symptomatic and asymptomatic patients respectively. After analysing our Institute’s CEA results during the past 25 years, we found the rate of postoperative complications was now well below Guideline thresholds. Accordingly, we studied temporal changes in procedural risks in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and in large observational studies in order to compare these against Guidelines. We found a clear temporal trend towards improving procedural outcomes, which can be explained by improvements in medical therapy, more appropriate timing of CEA, the use of local anaesthesia and the use of peroperative cerebral monitoring as well as improving surgical techniques. An update of current guidelines should now be undertaken, since our findings are not unique and are supported by other studies in this review.


KEY WORDS: Carotid endarterectomy - Procedural risk - Guidelines - Carotid artery stenosis

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Radak D, Waard D, Halliday A, Neskovic M, Tanaskovic S. Carotid endarterectomy has significantly lower risk in the last two decades: should the guidelines now be updated? J Cardiovasc Surg 2017 Feb 09. DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.17.09742-7 

Corresponding author e-mail

drslobex@yahoo.com