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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  VASCULAR SECTION 

The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2020 February;61(1):60-6

DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.18.10001-2

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Hostility of proximal aortic neck anatomy in relation to abdominal aortic aneurysm size and its impact on the outcome of endovascular repair with the new generation endografts

Christos KARATHANOS , Konstantinos SPANOS, George KOUVELOS, Athanasios ATHANASOULAS, Stylianos KOUTSIAS, Miltiadis MATSAGKAS, Athanasios D. GIANNOUKAS

Department of Vascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University Hospital of Larissa, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece



BACKGROUND: To assess the relation of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diameter with the proximal neck anatomy (PNA) hostility and to evaluate its impact on the endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) outcomes with the use of newer generation endografts.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of single institution’s recorded data from February 2009 to April 2016. Patients’ characteristics, comorbidities, aortic morphology, perioperative characteristics and outcomes were analyzed. In relation to AAA diameter 2 groups were identified: group A (50-55 mm) and group B (>55 mm). Hostile PNA was defined based on: neck diameter >28 mm, length <15 mm, angulation >60o, and circumferential thrombus and/or calcification >50%. The aortic neck scoring system was calculated. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a forward likelihood ratio method adjusted for age and gender was undertaken.
RESULTS: Three hundred seventeen patients (96% males, mean age 72.4±9 years, 80% elective) were follow-up for a mean of 23.4 months (range, 3-86 months). No differences were observed in demographics and co-morbidities between the two groups (group A: 134, 42% vs. group B: 183, 58%). Hostile PNA was present in 147/317 (46%) patients and significantly more likely to be present in group B (P<0.001). In group B the aortic neck score was higher (P<0.001), the likelihood for having hostile PNA increased for neck diameter by 2.2-fold (OR 2.2, P=0.013, 95% CI: 1.18-4.03), length by 2.3-fold (OR 2.3, P=0.012, 95% CI: 1.20-4.51), angle by 4.8-fold (OR 4.8, P=0.002, 95% CI: 1.79-13.24) and presence of thrombus by 1.5-fold (OR 1.5, P=0.037, 95% CI: 1.45-10.34). No association existed for neck calcification (P=0.071). Technical success, adjunctive procedures, perioperative characteristics and outcomes were comparable in friendly and hostile PNAs.
CONCLUSIONS: PNA hostility is more likely in AAA with diameter >55 mm but with the use of newer generation endografts this did not influence the short- and mid-term EVAR outcomes. Longer follow-up is needed for a more definite conclusion.


KEY WORDS: Endovascular procedures; Aortic aneurysm, abdominal; Minimally invasive surgical procedures

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