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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2019 December;60(6):733-41

DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.19.10874-9


language: English

Early and late outcomes of aortic surgery under hypothermic circulatory arrest in the elderly: a single center study

Marion MAUDUIT , Amedeo ANSELMI, Jacques TOMASI, Reda BELHAJ SOULAMI, Antoine ROISNÉ, Erwan FLECHER, Simon ROUZE, Jean-Philippe VERHOYE

Department of Thoracic and Cardio-Vascular Surgery, Rennes University Hospital Center, Rennes, France

BACKGROUND: With the progressive aging of the population, aortic surgeons are caring for an increasing number of elderly patients. The objective of this study was to analyze early and late outcomes of aortic surgery with hypothermic circulatory arrest in patients aged 70 and above at our institution.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study including every patient aged 70 years or older who underwent aortic surgery with hypothermic circulatory arrest between January 1995 and June 2016 at our institution. Operative results were compared with the contemporary younger counterparts aged <70 years. In-hospital mortality and postoperative stroke were primary outcomes of interest. The main secondary outcomes included acute renal failure, reoperation for bleeding, and spinal cord injury.
RESULTS: In the study population, the in-hospital mortality was 16.8% (21/125). Ten (8.0%) patients presented postoperative stroke, and 6 had temporary neurologic disturbance (4.8%). Spinal cord injury occurred in 1 (0.8%) patient. For elective interventions and type A aortic dissections, the in-hospital mortality and stroke rates were 4.6% (3/65) and 7.7% (5/65), 26.8% (11/41) and 12.2% (5/41), respectively. The proportion of non-elective interventions, including type A aortic dissection, and the type of neuroprotective strategy were similar in septuagenarians and younger patients. Patients aged ≥70 had significant shorter cardiopulmonary bypass, myocardial ischemia, and circulatory arrest durations, compared to their younger counterparts. The in-hospital mortality of septuagenarians and younger patients were similar for elective surgery (4.6% vs. 4.7%, P=0.900) and aortic dissections (26.8% vs. 15.1%, P=0.107). There was no statistically significant difference between the two age groups regarding postoperative stroke, spinal cord injury, renal failure requiring dialysis or reintervention for bleeding. Estimated 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival was 78.0%, 70.6%, and 65.7%, respectively. The 5-year survival for elective surgery was 74.9% and 56.0% for non-elective procedures.
CONCLUSIONS: Aortic surgery with circulatory arrest in the elderly demonstrated favorable early and late results when compared with younger individuals, with an acceptable operative risk even under emergency conditions, and should not be denied only because of the chronological age of the patients.

KEY WORDS: Circulatory arrest, deep hypothermia induced; Surgery; Aged

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